Overview of Cryptography Cybersecurity, Data Privacy & eDiscovery Law & Policy eJournal

The widespread use of cryptography is a necessary consequence of the information revolution. With the coming of electronic communications on computer networks, people need a way to ensure that conversations and transactions remain confidential. Cryptography provides a solution to this problem, but it has spawned a heated policy debate. Some government agencies want to restrict the use of data encryption because they fear that criminals and spies may use the technology to their own advantage. However, Encryption Techniques so far have both advantages and disadvantages to society, and issues about abuse require a formularized policy.

Effect of Brain Drain or Skilled Labor Migration on Economic Development and Economic results of migration

This paper reviews the problem of brain drain or skill migration from developing countries mostly to industrialized countries. Some case studies are presented to illustrate some major problems facing Africans today in not being able to utilize optimally the human as well as material resources endowed to us by Almighty God to enable us to render our expertise for the development of our continent of Africa. This proposal includes the setting up of an International Academy of African Academics and Professionals in Diaspora (IAAPD). It is envisaged that IAAPD will have a Talent Bank which will be a database on African Academics and Professionals living and working inside African countries as well as outside with detailed information about the experts, their areas of expertise and products developed etc. Furthermore, professional resource centres which will be land-based as well as cyberspace or virtual based will be set up made of published information (journals, technical reports) and specialized research equipment/facilities available in African countries where African Academics and Professionals can have access to for their use as well as for developing upcoming African Academics and Professionals. It is envisaged that African countries will create an enabling environment through entry visas and professional short visit regulations for African academics and professionals to use their Sabbaticals, annual vacations, study/research leave, professional short visits etc. academic/ professional staff exchange to go to other African countries to render their service.

Parallel Merge Sort

Parallel Merge Sort – implement a classic sorting algorithm utilising concurrency Distributed System, Sorting Algorithm, Distributed System

The aim of our project was to implement a classic sorting algorithm utilizing concurrency. We decided on Merge Sort because of its inherent parallelism. Sorting in general has been hailed as a cornerstone in Computer Science [SHG09], as many computer algorithms rely heavily upon it. Such an algorithm is for example the classic Kruskal algorithm for constructing a minimum spanning tree of an undirected graph [Kru56]. Merge Sort is based on the popular Divide-and-conquer approach [CLR02], where the problem at hand is broken into smaller problems of similar nature, which are in turn solved recursively, and the solutions are then combined.

When Walmart enters the Finnish Market what should a Finnish retailer do strategically?

When Walmart enters the Finnish Market what should a Finnish retailer do strategically?

Nowadays, due to globalization, an increasing number of retailers in developed countries are shifting their priorities and focusing more on a growth strategy by reducing their dependence on their home markets and making expansion into more attractive foreign markets. This foreign market expansion and retailer globalization strategy generally pose a threat and cause panic to the local retailers and local businesses that have been targeted for such foreign market expansion.

The Use Of Teaching Methods And Styles In The Nigerian University System: The Curriculum And Policy Implications For Change

Teaching methods at the University level are supposed to emanate from the Nigerian National Policy on Education and stated curriculum, which have been found to affect learning outcomes significantly. This study surveyed popular teaching methods at the undergraduate level in Universities within the South-West geo-political zone of Nigeria. Six universities were used for the study with two federally owned, two state owned, and two privately owned. The sampling technique used was stratified random sampling with 270 lecturers at the undergraduate level participated in the study. The standardized test Principles of Adult Learning Scale (PALS) was adapted to suit the Nigerian situation and used for the study. A sit-in-observation/interview schedule method was used. The findings revealed that the most common method of teaching used by lecturers tended towards teacher-centered pedagogy. This is not in consonance with the principles of andragogy. The fact that a teaching background is not emphasized along with the stipulated Ph.D. degree for lecturers may be a contributory factor to the present state of affairs. It was therefore recommended that lecturers be encouraged to obtain a diploma in the art of teaching and focus more on getting the learners to be more self directing in learning.



It can be viewed that Africa like the Philippines suffered ceaselessly from the oppressive invaders during its colonial period. Colonialism brought a tremendous effect on the life of the African people.  It filled the nation with darkness, and it poured the citizen’s rights, freedom and desire.  It caused one’s life a big crack and made it taste bitter and sour.  They were manipulated like a robot. They were imprisoned in the land they owned. Furthermore, they were obliged to perform whatever the master asked them to do without any hesitation. If not, punishment will arise.