A lot has been said and written in the past years about Africans and Africa. Most times, it is either that African people had failed to develop from the primitive to the less primitive: or they had reached a point of helplessness at which, if left to themselves, they would never do any better. Recalling the Europeans imagination of great schedule of hierarchical progress from savagery to civilization, with Europe at the peak and zenith of the line; where Africans were simply not in the race or perhaps they had once set out, though this was more than doubtful if so, they had long since stopped running, exactly why was not known. But the reason, whatever it might be, was generally agreed to lie in some fatal deficiency of their nature. What wild speculation?